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Ghana association of portsmouth

Although the pathogenesis is still under discussion, three theories have emerged:

  1. Metaplastic transformation of the peritoneal epithelium into functional endometrium.
  2. Peritoneal seeding due to retrograde menstruation.
  3. Activation of mesenchymal cells differentiation caused by endometrium in the peritoneal cavity from retrograde flow.

Endometriomas contain dark degenerated blood products following repeated cyclical hemorrhage. The cysts may be up to 20 cm in size although they are usually smaller (2-5 cm).

Although the pathogenesis is still under discussion, three theories have emerged:

  1. Metaplastic transformation of the peritoneal epithelium into functional endometrium.
  2. Peritoneal seeding due to retrograde menstruation.
  3. Activation of mesenchymal cells differentiation caused by endometrium in the peritoneal cavity from retrograde flow.

Endometriomas contain dark degenerated blood products following repeated cyclical hemorrhage. The cysts may be up to 20 cm in size although they are usually smaller (2-5 cm).